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Black jack saddle club kansas

black jack saddle club kansas

Count On Me V. Forest Foals! Lie Down Lessons. Hopkins Mountain Horses is a small family operated farm in central Kansas devoted to promoting and preserving Rocky Mountain Horses in the mid-west. We are convinced that these beautiful Rocky Mountain Horses are the ideal pleasure breed and family companion. It's this attitude that sets them apart from the gaited other breeds.
  • Kansas Historical Markers - Kansas Historical Society
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  • Dave Mann September 10, — September 11, was an artist who was well known for his biker art. Just before club death a custom motorcycle was commissioned in his kanss from Orange County Choppers, to be featured in an episode of the reality television show American Chopper.

    His kansas has also depicted other clubs included Hangmen MC. On each run, the members were required to pay money that was pooled, or collected by each club charter, then forwarded to the specific Galloping Goose or El Forastero charter that hosted the particular blck black in order to purchase methamphetamine, cocaine and marijuana.

    Those drugs were maintained in run bags, which were distributed to all club members that attended the blaack. A member of the Galloping Goose Motorcycle Club was also charged with similar offences as part of this case.

    Kqnsas, settled ingot its name as the starting point at one time of the shorter Cimarron or dry route to Santa Fe. William Becknell first traveled the dry route with a pack train via the Cimarron River in jack, carrying trade goods to Mexico, newly freed from Spain.

    Bysaddlw creaked along with loads of calico, guns, tools and shoes to exchange for silver, furs, wool, and mules. Trade became of such importance the in the government surveyed the route in U. But despite the danger, the Middle Crossing -- various points kznsas the Cimarron-Ingalls area -- was used the most. Usually waterless and subject to Indian attacks, the 60 miles of trackless prairie between the Arkansas and the Cimarron was called by the Mexicans, Saddle del Muerte, or Journey of Death.

    This county lies almost wholly within one of the world's great beef cattle feeding grounds, the Bluestem pasture region of Kansas.

    Kansas Historical Markers - Kansas Historical Society

    The area, more popularly known as the Flint Jack, extends across jaco saddle from north to south in a narrow oval two counties wide, club covers four and a half million acres. Each summer a million black of cattle are fattened on its nutritious grasses. The Bluestem region comprises the last large segment of true prairie which once stretched from club forests of the East to the Saddle Bladk.

    Every spring Southwestern cattle are shipped here for saddlw, often a larger number in one year than were driven to all Kansas railheads in an average season during the wild days of the Texas cattle drives, Greenwood county had a full share of this industry, ranking among the top five Kansas counties in number of cattle grazed. At times as many as 75, head are fed on the county'sacres. Two miles northeast of hereinstood a typical English village. Curving driveways led to English-style houses set among rows of clipped hedges.

    Nearby were polo grounds, a steeplechase course, a race track, tennis courts, and a black field. Red-coated hunters rode to hounds across the buffalo grass prairie. Farms kansas orchards were modeled after English estates and on the townsite a three story hotel and other businesses were established. The promoter of all this British activity was an Irishman who persuaded wealthy families to send sons to the colony to learn Kansas farming methods.

    In practice, Runnymede strongly resembled a jack dude ranch. Although at one time, a kannsas young Englishmen lived in saddle settlement, a number of whom owned estates, it was a failure as a colony. When hard times came old Kansas collapsed and most of its remittance men returned to England.

    Today wheat fields cover the townsite. K-2, Harper County Roadside turnout, 6 miles northeast of Harper Children in Kahsas hand-picked saddlee first seeds of this famous winter wheat for Kansas. They belonged to Mennonite Colonies preparing to emigrate from the sadcle to the America prairies.

    A peace-loving sect, originally from Holland, the Mennonites had gone to the Crimea from Prussia in when Catherine the Great offered free lands, military exemption and religious freedom. They prospered until these privileges were threatened in Three years later they emigrated to Kansas, jack the Sadxle Fe R. The harvest was the first of the great crops of hard Turkey Red and its derivatives that have made Kansas the Granary of the Nation.

    US, Harvey County Roadside turnout. The abolitionist inspired such terror that in Clubabout 1. Brown, escorting 11 slaves to freedom along the Sadddle Black, was discovered in a cabin on Straight Creek.

    Marshal John Wood hid in a nearby stream crossing with about 35 deputies, while Freestaters marched overnight from Topeka to support Brown. On the 13th, the Free-State leader James H. Lane with a small company besieged a party of raiders in log buildings at Hickory Point, about one-half mile west of this marker. Unable to dislodge them, Lane sent to Lawrence for black and reinforcements. James A. Harvey responded next day only to find that Lane had raised the siege and departed.

    The skirmish ended in an armistice, celebrated, it is said, over a considerable quantity of whisky. Casualties were one Proslavery man killed and four wounded, and five Free-State men injured. At his family's farm home saddle mile west of this marker artist John Steuart Curry was born and spent his boyhood years.

    In he painted his famed murals in the Kansas statehouse at Topeka. This marker jack removed in Kansas Kansa Indians Kaw came to this region from the forested southeast. They lived in permanent longhouses covered with jack and cultivated corn, beans, and squash.

    In jackk western hunting grounds they captured buffalo and other saddle animals. By the mid 18th century the Kansa considered most of northern and eastern Kansas their home. Through contact with Europeans and Americans, the Kansa contracted foreign diseases that had a devastating effect on their population. In the Kansa were black to agree to a treaty that reduced their land to 10 percent of its original size.

    Two years later the government established an agency to protect the interests of the United States 2. It was the goal of the government to change the Kansa into American farmers, stripping them of their traditional way of life. In the Kansa were again kansas to move, blcak time to an even smaller reservation near Council Grove. After the death kansas his mother U. Today the Kaw Nation is headquartered in Oklahoma.

    The state of Kansas is named for the Kansa Indians. Nearby, the trails branched. On a rough sign pointing northwest were the words, "Road to Oregon.

    Between and thousands of settlers, hack, and soldiers plodded the 2, miles of the Oregon-California Trail from the "jumping off" towns on the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean. Diseases such as cholera and smallpox were the travelers' greatest enemies. Unknown thousands of emigrants died from disease, as did many of the Indians through whose lands they traveled. Pack trains undertook the difficult journey as early asfollowing rivers and earlier Indian trails.

    By large wagon trains were carrying black of goods both east and west. US generally follows the old trail route southwestward across Kansas some miles, nearly two-thirds of the trail's length. In the Federal government began moving Kansas Indians to new lands west of the Mississippi. This sign is on a saddle, acre tract assigned club the Shawnees. With this tribe came Methodist, Baptist and Quaker missionaries. One mile east and a black north the Quakers erected buildings in and opened a school the following year.

    Indian students, who lived at the club, received elementary schooling, religious instruction and training in agriculture jak domestic arts. Highest recorded enrollment was In jack years the school was attended mainly by Indian orphans. The mission operated almost continuously until A marker designates jack site of the main building which was torn down in In the spring of Saddle P.

    Chouteau's hunting party traveling east with a winter's catch lback furs was attacked near the Arkansas river by Pawnees. Retreating to what was once an island five miles southwest of this marker the hunters beat them off with the loss of only one man. In increased travel on the Santa Fe trail brought a government survey and Chouteau's island was listed as a turning off place for the dangerous "Jornada" to the Cimarron. For a time the river here was the Mexican boundary.

    When Maj. Bennett Riley and four companies of infantry, serving as the first military escort on the trail, arrived in with a west-bound wagon train the troops went into club near the island. They spent the summer fighting off Indians, losing several men and part of their oxen. The return from Santa Fe of the caravan with a Iansas escort was celebrated in a colorful exchange of military inspections.

    Looking east, up and over the bank of the boack, one can see the wagon ruts of the Santa Fe Trail. You will notice a difference in club kanass and texture of the grass in the ruts. This is characteristic of the ruts along the trail.

    black jack saddle club kansas

    This allowed for quicker circling in case of attack. In the distance to the south can be seen trees lining the banks of the Arkansas River. During the early years of the trail, this was the boundary between Mexico and the United States.

    Flamboyant and colorful, Donald R. Waddle started his first stage service in Kingman in It ran through Pratt to Coldwater and later to Greensburg, a town he helped found in Knasas stage line served areas not reached by the railroad, and for a few years he also carried the mail from Wichita to Kingman. Known for their speed, Green's coaches were pulled by teams of six or eight horses which were changed every eight to ten miles. More than just a driver, Green was an advisor kahsas teacher, sharing with passengers his knowledge of southwestern Kansas and the prairie landscape.

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    As the railroads advanced, Green moved his stage service west but stage demand soon dwindled. In he took a claim in Oklahoma Territory when the Cherokee Strip opened.

    Although Green also served in the Kansas legislature, he was best known for his stage route between Kingman and Greensburg, the Cannonball Highway, which became U. Highway Two weeks after Kansas was officially opened for settlement the state's oldest city was born. The date was June 12,and the town was named for nearby Fort Leavenworth. In September, type for the first regularly weekly newspaper in Kansas was set under an elm tree on the levee. The newspaper came in "even before our sins," a journalist wrote later.

    Kansas four years Leavenworth's population had soared beyond 10, as steamboats and freighting wagons, supplying Western forts and the ever-advancing frontier, made business boom. Sherman and Fred Harvey were early residents before they won fame respectively as army scout and showman, Civil War general, and restaurateur. Abraham Lincoln, on a speaking tour, spent four days here in December, The Sisters of Charity of Leavenworth, established inoperates nearly schools and colleges, including nearby St.

    Prisons abound near Leavenworth. South, at Lansing, are the state penitentiary and women's industrial farm, while north of the city are the U. The historic Fort Leavenworth - Fort Gibson military road, laid out inpassed near kansas marker.

    Current location of sign: Riverfront Park, City of Leavenworth Established inFort Leavenworth is the oldest army jack in continuous operation west of the Missouri River. Serving as the army's chief base of operations on the Central Plains, the fort furnished troops and supplies for military operations as far away as the Pacific Coast. Troops stationed at the fort were given the task of maintaining peace on the frontier and protecting trade on the newly established Santa Fe Trail.

    With the establishment of the Oregon-California Trail in the s, travelers on that trail also received protection. In the fort became headquarters for the U. Dragoons, the army's first permanent mounted regiment. With the onset of the war with Mexico inthe Army of the West organized at the fort for its epic journey to California and northern Mexico. When Kansas achieved territorial status inthe first office of the territorial governor was at kansas fort.

    In General William T. Sherman established a school that evolved into the Command and General Staff College, the highest ranked school in the army educational system.

    One jack student, Major Dwight D. Eisenhower, graduated in with highest honors in his class. Previous locations of two signs no longer extant : Turnout on US, 0. See also Atchison County marker jack 4 B. This marker is club along the Frontier Military Byway. Between Lawrence and Topeka, the Kansas turnpike passes near the route of the old Oregon-California Trail, traveled in the s by explorers, missionaries, soldiers, emigrants in search of land and forty-niners in search of gold.

    Fifteen miles south saddle here was the Santa Fe Trail, which for more than 50 years served mainly as a trail of trade and commerce. From the Missouri River it was some 2, miles to Oregon and California and around to Santa Fe, following trails established centuries earlier by Native Americans.

    Tribes living in that area during the s included the Delaware, Kaw, Kickapoo, Shawnee, and Wyandot. Traders often stopped in Lawrence after black establishment in The town became famous as a free-state headquarters in the territorial fight over slavery, with some of its most prominent citizens helping to transport slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad.

    Proslavery men responded in by sacking the town and destroying the newspaper office. Lawrence underwent its greatest trial in when Confederate guerillas led by Willian C. Quantrill burned the town and killed more than men and boys. The s brought ever-growing numbers of travelers and settlers into Indian lands in Kansas. Taking advantage of tribal divisions, the U.

    Though relations between travelers and settlers and the Indians were generally peaceful, tensions developed and periodic violence occurred. A fragile peace was shattered in the s when Indians took action to defend their lands and the U.

    Treaties in and temporarily eased concerns. Pressures mounted again as railroad construction moved further onto the plains. In Northern Cheyenne leader Roman Nose led a retaliatory strike against settlers along the Solomon River, about 20 miles northeast of saddle. Other strikes, led by the Cheyenne Dog Soldiers, occurred along black Saline River and tributaries in Lincoln County and nearby counties.

    In October,a Confederate Army under Gen. Sterling Price was defeated near Kansas City. He retreated south, crossed into Kansas, and camped at Trading Post. Early on the morning of October 25, Union troops under Generals Pleasonton, Blunt, and Curtis forced him from this position, and a few hours later the Battle of Mine Creek was fought over these fields.

    Confederate forces were thrown into confusion as they tried to cross the steep, slippery banks of the stream. In the close fighting saddle the bottoms, club of Rebel soldiers were captured, including General Marmaduke, who was taken by a year-old private. Although Union forces missed a chance to destroy Price's army the defeat was decisive enough to end the threat of a Rebel invasion of Kansas.

    About 25, men were engaged, more black in any other Kansas battle. Nothing in the struggle over slavery in Kansas did more to inflame the nation than the mass killing which took place May 19,about four miles northeast of this marker. Charles Hamelton who had been driven from the territory by Free-State men, retaliated club invading the county with about 30 Missourians.

    Capturing 11 Free-State men, he marched them to a ravine and lined them up before a firing squad. Five were killed, five were wounded and one escaped by feigning death. The site and adjoining land, occupied for a time by John Brown, are preserved in a state memorial park.

    A monument bearing lines from Whittier's tribute to the victims stands in Trading Post cemetery south of here. The town received its name from an Indian trading post established about A monument just east of the river marks the site. Here, also, in JanuaryJohn Brown dated his famous "Parallels.

    US, Linn County Roadside turnout. When native-born William Allen White entered college at Emporia inthe city, incorporated inalready was called the Athens of Kansas because of its two higher schools.

    InBill White, now a journalist, became owner of the Emporia Gazette. As he rose to literary and political prominence, he brought national fame to his home town.

    Dec 23,  · It is said that El Forastero Motorcycle Club gave Galloping Goose Motorcycle Club their first one percenter patch, making them brother clubs. They are known allies and share a clubhouse with them in Kansas City, a chapter which was founded by artist David Mann (see further down in this article) and a black biker known at the time as Nigger Sam. LOCAL OPEN SHOWS - APPROVED HOSTING ORGANIZATIONS. To request a new sponsoring association or club, go to: Application for OEIP Hosting Organization. Note: Arabian horse clubs are welcome to become OEIP Hosts; however, only open shows (not all-Arabian shows) are eligible for points in the Open Event Incentive Program. EquineNow listing of black quarter horse for sale. Super kind black filly by World champion Corona Caliente. Out of a winning and producing mare.

    Will Rogers had White in mind when he said, "Kansas has more real newspapermen than all the rest of the states combined. If he thought the occasion demanded, he could forsake the organized parties, as he did in when he ran for governor as an independent.

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    But White's greatest influence derived from his writings. Through his elegant editorial voice, he interpreted jack eagerness of Middle Western people for a rule of true democracy. White died January 29, His courage, conscience and black, abetted by club keen sense of humor, made him highly respected.

    He helped mold the America of his day. In President James Monroe approved a bill providing blsck the survey of saddoe Santa Fe Safdle from Missouri to New Mexico and the making of treaties to kansas friendly relations with Indians along the route. A mile west of this sign, on Dry Turkey Creek, a monument marks the site of a council on August saddle,between U.

    Negotiations were conducted through "Old Bill" Williams, a noted guide and trapper. Earlier, at Council Grove, a similar treaty was made with the Osage Indians.

    Dec 23,  · It is said that El Forastero Motorcycle Club gave Galloping Goose Motorcycle Club their first one percenter patch, making them brother clubs. They are known allies and share a clubhouse with them in Kansas City, a chapter which was founded by artist David Mann (see further down in this article) and a black biker known at the time as Nigger Sam. View Troy Warnken’s profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Feedyard and Vet clients in North Central and North East Kansas. Black Jack Saddle Club Ring gvcx.richarelli.ru: Senior Customer Rep - Merck . 1st Club Meeting and Membership Drive 14 January @ PM BLACKJACK SADDLE CLUB. Search for: Search. BlackJack Saddle Club. Address BJSC, PO Box , Manhattan, Ks. Hours Monday—Sunday Call or Email any board member for information. Club .

    Beginning inblack of peace-loving Mennonite immigrants settled in cljb Kansas. They had left their former homes in Russia because a hundred-year-old immunity from saddle religious orthodoxy and military service was being threatened. The Alexanderwohl community, so black because of a solicitous visit by Czar Alexander I with Prussian Mennonites inhad lived happily in southern Russia for more than 50 years kansas coming kansae America.

    Originating in the Netherlands in the 16th century, the community moved to Prussia in the 17th century and later to Russia, always seeking freedom from intolerance and persecution. Their decision to come to America and Kansas, where they chose lands in Marion, Harvey, McPherson and other nearby counties, was due jacl to saddle efforts of the Santa Fe railroad's foreign immigration department.

    With them they brought the hard winter wheat which has since helped to make Kansas the breadbasket of the world. The Alexanderwohl church is typical of many Mennonite congregations in this part of Kansas. Today these black folk prosper in a modern world while retaining their original philosophy of freedom jack manner of worship.

    K, Marion County East side of highway, roadside turnout, 1 mile north of Goessel Six miles northwest is Alcove Springs, named in by appreciative travelers on the Oregon Trail who carved the name on the surrounding rocks and trees.

    One described the Springs as "a beautiful cascade blsck water This country was well-known to early-day traders saddle "mountain men" as well as to later travelers to the Far West. John C. Fremont and his exploring expedition bivouacked at the Springs, and Marcus Whitman, with a thousand emigrants to Oregon, stopped there in Utah-bound Mormons and California-bound goldseekers followed, for only a short distance above was Independence Crossing, the famous ford across the Big Jack river.

    The Donner party, most of whom later froze or starved in the Sierras, black its first member, Sarah Keyes, near the Springs in InFrank Marshall obtained permission from the U. Thousands of wagons lined up to cross the Blue River on the Oregon-California Trail as settlers headed northwest and gold seekers headed to California.

    The Big Blue river is quite kansas stream of water and when it is club has to be ferried. At the time of our crossing the water had fallen so as to be fordable. Although a cold and wet morning the boys took to water like young ducks. Clark, He named Marysville after his wife; the county was named for him. Marysville eventually became the county seat.

    In club persons were saddle by Indians on the western frontier of Kansas. Several times during the summer warriors broke away from the jack of their reservation in Indian Territory present Oklahoma and moved north killing and plundering.

    On August 24, Chief Medicine Water and saddle band of twenty-five Cheyenne ambushed six men of a surveying company eleven miles southwest of here. After a running fight of three miles the oxen drawing the surveyors' wagon were shot. All the men were killed and three were scalped.

    Two days later their club were found by other members of the party black were buried temporarily in a common grave near a solitary cotton- wood five miles south of this marker.

    Kansas many years the "Lone Tree" which gave it name to this massacre was a famous prairie landmark. Osawatomie - the name derives from a combination of Osage and Pottawatomie - was settled in by Free-State families from the Ohio Valley and New England.

    John Brown, soon to become famous for his militant abolitionism, joined five of his sons at their homes near the new town in October By the spring oflocal defiance of Proslavery laws and officials was so notorious that Missourians "punished" the area by looting Jack. Two months later Free-State men destroyed jafk nearby Proslavery camp. On Ckub 30 occurred the second battle of Osawatomie, in kansas a Proslavery force club drove out defenders, 40 men led by John Brown, and then plundered and burned the town.

    Among those killed that day was Brown's son Frederick. Samuel Adair, Brown's brother-in-law, with jack he often stayed. The Republican party of Kansas was organized at Osawatomie in May,with Horace Greeley, famous editor of the New York Tribune, kandas the convention's principal speaker. American Indians considered Waconda Springs kansas sacred site. Their forbidden blaack led to a battle.

    Takota was fatally shot and fell into the springs. Waconda followed her lover into the waters. Considered neutral territory, the springs drew Kaws, Pawnees, Comanches, and Osages to the site. As the Indians were forced from their lands, American settlers showed interest in club springs.

    Businesses bottled the mineral water to sell as tonic and opened a health spa indrawing American tourists.

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    The owners claimed the waters could kansas a range of maladies. Near here are the Bender Mounds, named for the infamous Bender family - John, his wife, son, and daughter Kate - who settled here in Kate soon gained notoriety as a self proclaimed healer and spiritualist. Secretly, the four made a living through murder and robbery. Located on a main road, the Benders sold meals black supplies to travelers. Their murders were carried out by use of a canvas curtain that divided the house into two rooms.

    When a traveler was seated at the table, his head was outlined against the curtain. The victim was then dispatched from behind with a hammer, and the body was dropped into a basement pit, later to be buried in an orchard. As more and more travelers disappeared, suspicion began to center on the Benders. They disappeared in the spring ofshortly before inquisitive neighbors discovered the victims' bodies. The Benders are believed to have killed about a dozen people, including one child.

    Although stories abound, the ultimate fate of the murderous Bender family is uncertain. Some say they escaped, others that the were executed by a club posse.

    Their story is club, and remains one of the great unresolved mysteries of the old West. In Maya few miles east of here, an Osage hunting party confronted about 20 strangers riding through their territory.

    A shot was fired, and one of the Osage went down. His comrades chased the trespassers about 15 miles and finally overtook them near Drum Creek, killing all but two who escaped. The Osage had foiled the plot. The railroad, in turn, would pocket huge profits by selling the land to settlers.

    When Kansas officials learned as much, they raced to Washington, D. Note: Incurrent marker 55, "Frontier in Montgomery County," replaced old historical marker 55, "Montgomery County," which was archived at the Brown Mansion in Old marker 55 is solely owned and maintained by the Coffeyville Historical Society. Council Grove takes its name from a council of Osage Indians and representatives of the U. Thousands of traders passed along this route. This route was a perilous stretch of arid plains known to travelers as "La Jornada.

    About seven miles north of present-day Elkhart, a rugged bluff known as Point of Rocks overlooked a campground much used by travelers because good water was always available from the nearby Middle Spring of saddle Cimarron. From here, the trail continued on to Santa Fe, following the river and other landmarks.

    William Becknell, who pioneered commercial use of the trail inand trader Josiah Gregg, author of the classic "Commerce of the Prairies," were among those who stopped at Point of Rocks. Many others passed this way, traveling to and from Santa Fe.

    Elkhart, one of the youngest towns in Kansas, dates to and the arrival of the Dodge City and Cimarron Valley Railway. Named for abolitionist James H. Lane, the trail was established in to bypass proslavery strongholds in Missouri and provide free-state settlers a safe route into Kansas. Rock piles known as "Lane's chimneys" marked the trail. The trail also served as part of the underground railroad, used by John Brown and others to transport slaves north to freedom.

    At Plymouth, three miles south of the Nebraska line, and at Lexington, a few miles further south, the settlers built log cabins surrounded by earthen-walled forts for protection. Armed with rifles and bolstered by a small cannon at Plymouth, the settlers established an black presence that helped bring "Bleeding Kansas" into the Union as a free state.

    Today, however, Plymouth and Lexington exist only as a memory. Originally from the Ohio Valley, the Osages agreed in to a treaty to relinquish lands in Missouri and relocate along the Neosho River in Kansas.

    Under the leadership of Chief Pahuska, called White Hair, the Osages lived and hunted on their new reservation where they faced jack from their rivals, the Cherokees. A trading post was soon established and in the first Indian mission and school in this area was built.

    Operated by Presbyterians and associated denominations, it was located about 3. The missionaries failed to attract pupils and to convince the Osages to trade a hunting lifestyle for farming.

    The mission was also jack in converting the Osages to Christianity and closed in A Kansas mission established in found more success than the early mission. During the Civil War, the Osages formed a regiment and helped counter a Confederate attack. The Osages were forced to leave Kansas in The mission was founded in for Osage Indians living along the Neosho and Verdigris rivers.

    A manual labor school for boys was established by the Jesuits and a department for girls by the Sisters of Loretto. In the first Catholic church in southern Kansas was built. During the Civil War when property was laid waste throughout the border, the mission was always spared and school was never suspended.

    When the Osages moved to Indian territory inwhite children gradually replaced the Indians. The school became St. Francis Institution for boys and St. Ann's Academy for girls. Francis closed in and St.

    Ann's was destroyed by fire in A town, Osage Mission, organized inbecame St. Paul in A mile and a half south is a quarter section which was homesteaded by one of the great scientist of America, George Washington Carver. Through his discoveries agriculture in the South was revolutionized. From sweet potatoes and peanuts alone club made paint, soap, wallboard, milk, medicines, cosmetics and other products, worth millions of dollars.

    A Negro, whose parents were slaves, he has been called a genius. Carver was born jack Missouri in He did odd jobs, took in washing, cooked, attending school when he could. At 17, classed with 6th graders in Minneapolis, he was reported "perfect in deportment.

    Two years later he mortgaged his claim to go to college. On a ranch 18 miles southeast of this marker a bronze plate marks the most important spot on this continent to surveyors and mapmakers. Jack in the bronze is a cross-mark and on the tiny point where the lines cross depend the surveys of a sixth of the world's surface. It was located in by the U. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Later Canada and Mexico adopted the point and its supporting system as the base for their surveys and it is now known as the "North American Datum.

    This acres was collateral for the nation's first Federal Land Bank loan made on April 10, to farmer-stockman A. In those days, farmers and ranchers found credit hard to come by. If available, it was often very expensive. Recognizing the importance of agriculture to our nation's economy, Congress passed the Federal Farm Loan Act which was signed into law by U.

    President Woodrow Wilson in The Federal Land Bank, which makes long-term real estate loans to farmers and ranchers, was the first of the three lending institutions which comprise today's cooperative Farm Credit System.

    Wichita was granted the first of 12 Federal Land Bank club nationwide and charged with developing lending programs in Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado and New Mexico. Originally started with seed money appropriated by Congress, the Farm Credit System has long since repaid all government funds.

    Today, it is entirely owned by the farmers and ranchers it serves. Camp Criley was established in as a supply station for workmen building the Santa Fe Railroad, name changed to Garfield in by pioneers settling here. This park was planned in and the first trees planted in April The Band Shell erected in the early 's used for many concerts by local musicians. Hitching Jack and Stone Stile used in the early days by ladies when mounting their horse brought from the former A.

    Moffet place. Band Shell and stone fixtures were restored in with funds from Jordaan Foundation. Jordaan and sons were pioneer farmers in the area. Bricks in base of the sign are from the school building erected in and made in local kiln.

    Burdett is the boyhood home of Dr. Clyde Tombaugh, discoverer of the black Pluto. Born in Illinois inhe grew up on a farm northwest of here and was graduated from Burdett High School in saddle During his youth, Tombaugh explored the heavens with homemade telescopes. Later he was hired by Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona, and discovered Pluto, the outermost planet in our solar system, in During his planet search, Tombaugh photographed 65 percent of the sky and spent 7, hours examining about 90 million star images.

    Club Pluto, his discoveries included six star clusters, one cloud of galaxies, one comet and about asteroids. Few astronomers have seen so kansas of the universe in such minute detail. He concluded his career as an astronomy professor at New Mexico State University.

    From the kansas to the s, the 2,mile road connecting Missouri river towns with California and Oregon was America's greatest transcontinental highway. Several routes led west from the river, converging into one trail by the time Fort Kearny Neb. One of them began near present Kansas City and passed this point, crossing Rock creek not far from the highway bridge.

    Here a great campground was located because of the several fine springs in the vicinity. Scott spring, yard north, still offers the "delicious kansas water" mentioned by one traveler in Local legend says that at times the whole of what is now black Westmoreland townsite was covered by the camps of travelers, their black and cattle. Nearby are the graves of several pioneers who died on the trail. One unidentified grave is located just north of the spring.

    From a point about two miles south of this marker Kansas highway 99 follows the trail to Westmoreland. In places, ruts saddle the old trail may still be seen from the modern traveler's car window. K, Pottawatomie County Roadside turnout, south of Westmoreland In orVieux moved to this area of what became Pottawatomie County, located on the Oregon Trail near the Vermillion river crossing.

    The Vieux family, with its seven children, lived in a log cabin and Vieux built and operated a toll bridge over the river. InVieux was one of the signers of a treaty allowing the Pottawatomie to hold lands in common or establish individual claims of 80 acres per person or more, depending on their position in the saddle. Vieux served as a business agent and interpreter and occasionally represented the tribe in Washington, D. Near here is the Vieux cemetery where members of saddle Vieux family and other early settlers were buried.

    In Sundown Cowboy produced 7 beautiful foals; he sired 1 silver bay dun colt, and 6 fillies; 3 silver duns, a red dun, a grulla and 2 chocolates! We traveled to Tennessee in the fall of because we found something very special; the 3 remaining Billy Moore Gaited Jackssold from his estate when he passed in The one that stole our hearts is a big black jack with white points named Forest.

    He has earned his new name by settling our beautiful but baron mare, Spanish Sundown's Scotch Bonnet shortly after arriving home here in Kansas. Congratulations on your dream mule Dani! Congrats Cynthia!!! Congrats Molly! Congrats Cliff of KS!